Not DNA but a how-to cluster with #genealogy records
How to help for cluster research, serialized blogs:
A Step-by-Step Approach to Using Genealogical Cluster Research: Step One & Two https://buff.ly/2K3lSel
As I walked my dog this morning, I heard the wind rustling thru the trees. The sound reminded me of the summer home of my youth. I spent summers in the Catskill mountains at a “cottage” that my great aunt had bought in the 1920’s. It was the last of several cottages that had been in my father’s family in this summer enclave, Twilight Park. I loved this house, this “park”, as did my cousins. We had all spent considerable time there.
I loved to walk in the woods, finding old paths that had been established by an old walking club. Twilight, as it was known to us, had many amenities – a pool, tennis courts, a day camp for youngsters and a folksy newsletter. I loved to swim in the pool, even when it was the original, built from a quarry and fed by mountain streams (brr!). A more modern pool replaced that one and was much more comfortable to swim in.
There were two other “parks” in the area, Elka and Oneonta. We had yearly swimming and diving competitions between the parks. I had some of my worst and best experiences during those contests.
The community was small, less than a hundred residences, and was built on the side of a mountain. Because of the terrain, there were three levels in the park, and we lived in the upper level which started with a steep hill, Pebble Rock “road”. The roads were narrow, on most of them two cars could just get by each other. However, Pebble Rock could only accommodate one car at a time, and before proceeding up or down, care had to be taken to make sure that no one was coming the other way.
Our cottage, “Carolan Lodge”, was at the top of Pebble Rock and from our kitchen window we could watch as the upper level cottagers drove by. We would comment on who was going by as we knew most of the cottagers and their cars.
This summer home and the surrounding villages, Haines Falls, Tannersville, Hunter, seemed more like my home town that anywhere else and my cousins told me they felt the same way. Apparently, the generations before us felt the same way as they bought and were laid in burial plots at the Elka Park Catholic cemetery.
Marie Therese (Hilbert) Schwob was my maternal great grandmother. Growing up all I knew about her was that she spoke French and was Alsatian. Her husband was Swiss. I found that researching her was very difficult, even now. French records are not easy to research as most are not indexed and few are on the major genealogy database sites.
My research on her was limited to the U.S. Federal Census records, New Jersey state census records and the birth records of her children. After reaching out to another genealogist I was able to obtain her death certificate. From these records, I knew that her birth year was likely 1864 and she died on 24 March 1939. I found four children that she gave birth to in New Jersey: Emil, Mary, Emma, and Carrie. Mary (Schwob) Krause was my maternal grandmother. But I had no record showing Marie Therese’s birth place.
I have periodically joined Geneanet.org which seems to have more French records and searched for her there. FINALLY, I got a great result – the tree of another researcher on which she was a small branch. And he had sources! I am very grateful for Ken Regenos for his willingness to share his sources. Cousins helping cousins! I am doing the happy dance!
Patrick Carolan 1850-1933
I have tested my atDNA at 23&me and FTDNA; additionally i have uploaded the test results to GEDmatch (now GEDmatch Genesis ) and MyHeritage. The first close cousin matches i got was thru 23&me – these were 2nd cousin matches that helped fill out and confirm the my extended Smith family tree.
Lately MyHeritage has helped me with two brick walls – my Swiss great grandfather’s line and my great grandfather Patrick Carolan’s line. This last was one of the hardest for me as I did not know where in Ireland he was born and he had come over in the 1860’s. So I was able to do the DNA happy dance this past week as a 2nd cousin match showed up for a Carolan descendant from Ireland! This cousin has a great grandmother Teresa Carolan, so my hypothesis is that Patrick and Teresa were siblings.
My cousin’s research has shown that Teresa Carolan was born in Knockbride, County Cavan in 1858 and her parents were Owen Carolan and Isabella Cook. So I started researching baptismal records for County Cavan on FindMyPast and Ancestry. Of course I have been unable to find Patrick (such is the genealogist life), but I will keep searching. While frustrated by the records, I am extremely happy about the DNA results.
On that day, Rutherford B. Hayes was President after a disputed election. He had lost the popular vote but won the electoral vote.
Queen Victoria was in the 41st year of her reign in Great Britain.
According to the weather report in the NY Times that day was a relatively warm spring day averaging “53 3/4” degrees.
Headlines From New York Tribune and NY times on that day with the same issues but different headlines:
Tribune – “England on the Eve of War” referred to Britain’s intervention against Russia in the Russo-Turkish War (1877-1878). The British sent a fleet of battleships to intimidate Russia from entering the city of Constantinople.
NY Times – “A War Crisis in England”
Tribune – “Cubans Still in Arms” – President Garcia was protesting surrender of chiefs in Camaguey. States he will not surrender to Spain.
NY Times – “Peace Declared in Cuba” – article saying that by Gen. Martinez-Campos declared peace.
Tribune -“The City’s heavy Burdens” – city of New York was in debt
NY Times -“The Finances of the City”
Tribune – “Jamaica and Hayti; Civil Services Abuse — the Revolt in Hayti”
NY Times – “A serious revolt in Hayty”
The price of both papers was four cents.
On March 29 in history:
1549 – The city of Salvador da Bahia, the first capital of Brazil, is founded
1795 – Ludwig van Beethoven (24) has his debut performance as a pianist in Vienna
1901 – Edmund Barton is elected Prime Minister in Australia’s first parliamentary election
1912 – Captain Robert Scott, storm-bound in a tent near South Pole, makes l last entry in his diary “the end cannot be far”
1961 – After a 4½ year trial Nelson Mandela is acquitted of treason in Pretoria
1974 – Chinese farmers discover the Terracotta Army near Xi’an, 8,000 clay warrior statues buried to guard the tomb of China’s 1st emperor, Qin Shi Huang
1999 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes at 10006.78 – above the 10,000 mark for the first time ever
U.S., Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936-2007 from Ancestry provided me with her date of birth, and parents’ names.
I used genealogybank.com for the New York Tribune and the New York Times Archives for the New York Times.
For the history of events on March 19th, I used https://www.onthisday.com
Wikipedia provided the information on President Hayes and Queen Victoria.
Both the newspapers and google gave me the day of the week for March 29,1878.
Back in October, I attended the Family Search United States and Canada Research Seminar. This was a week-long series of onsite classes and webinars that covered various topics on both the U.S. and Canada. The Canadian sessions were eye-opening for me. I didn’t realize how little I knew about Canada. I guess I thought that the Canada was always pretty much the same as it is today. I knew that there had been French settlers and I had heard of the battle of Quebec during the Revolutionary War but that was the extent of my Canadian knowledge. By the way the classes given in this seminar are now online; you must search for them individually in the Learning Center.
What I learned was that Canada was first settled in the early 17th century by the French and was called “New France”. Due to France’s defeat in the Seven Years’ War, the New France colony was turned over to Great Britain and renamed the Province of Quebec. From the English point of view, at the time of the American Revolution, there 15 American Colonies, Quebec and Nova Scotia being the extra two. After that there were various changes to these colonies.
In 1784 the colony of Nova Scotia was partitioned, and the colony of New Brunswick was created.
In 1791 the colony of Quebec was divided into two provinces: Upper Canada (later Ontario), which was mainly Loyalist, Protestant and English-speaking, and Lower Canada (later Quebec), heavily Catholic and French-speaking.
In 1840, a single province was named Canada was formed from Upper and Lower Canada. The Ontario area was then called Canada East and the Quebec area was Canada West.
In 1867, the Dominion of Canada was formed by the confederation of the provinces of Canada, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. The provinces of Quebec and Ontario were created from the old Canada province. Canada became a self-governing dominion with four provinces 
Why does all this matter? When researching Canadian records, depending on the time period, they will reference the different names for these four provinces. I happened to be able to put this new-found knowledge to use the very next week. A family I was researching had its North America roots in Canada, going back to the 18th century. As I looked at various records, I saw abbreviations that would not have made sense to me before the class.
In the 1851 Canadian Census, the birth location was given as UC meaning Upper Canada.
It wasn’t until the 1881 Canadian Census that the birth location was given as Ontario abbreviated as O.
- https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/United_States_and_Canada_Research_Seminar ↑
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Brunswick (viewed 1 Nov 2017) ↑
- http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/resources/publications/discover/section-06.asp (viewed 1 Nov 2017) ↑
- http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/resources/publications/discover/section-06.asp (viewed 1 Nov 2017) ↑
- 1851 Census of Canada East, Canada West, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia, Census Place: Orford, Kent County, Canada West (Ontario); Schedule: A; Page: 29; Line: 10, Amos Wade household; image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed 1 November 2017), citing Roll: C_11729. ↑
- 1881 Census of Canada, Census Place: Orford, Bothwell, Ontario; Page: 42; Family No: 196, Amos Wade household; image, , Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed 1 November 2017), citing Roll: C_13276. ↑