My paternal grandmother Mary E (Carolan) Smith was born on Friday, March 29, 1878, in Staten Island, New York Her father, Patrick Carolan, was 29, and her mother, Margaret (McGinnis), was 22.
On that day, Rutherford B. Hayes was President after a disputed election. He had lost the popular vote but won the electoral vote.
Queen Victoria was in the 41st year of her reign in Great Britain.
According to the weather report in the NY Times that day was a relatively warm spring day averaging “53 3/4” degrees.
Headlines From New York Tribune and NY times on that day with the same issues but different headlines:
Tribune – “England on the Eve of War” referred to Britain’s intervention against Russia in the Russo-Turkish War (1877-1878). The British sent a fleet of battleships to intimidate Russia from entering the city of Constantinople.
NY Times – “A War Crisis in England”
Tribune – “Cubans Still in Arms” – President Garcia was protesting surrender of chiefs in Camaguey. States he will not surrender to Spain.
NY Times – “Peace Declared in Cuba” – article saying that by Gen. Martinez-Campos declared peace.
Tribune -“The City’s heavy Burdens” – city of New York was in debt
NY Times -“The Finances of the City”
Tribune – “Jamaica and Hayti; Civil Services Abuse — the Revolt in Hayti”
NY Times – “A serious revolt in Hayty”
The price of both papers was four cents.
On March 29 in history:
1549 – The city of Salvador da Bahia, the first capital of Brazil, is founded
1795 – Ludwig van Beethoven (24) has his debut performance as a pianist in Vienna
1901 – Edmund Barton is elected Prime Minister in Australia’s first parliamentary election
1912 – Captain Robert Scott, storm-bound in a tent near South Pole, makes l last entry in his diary “the end cannot be far”
1961 – After a 4½ year trial Nelson Mandela is acquitted of treason in Pretoria
1974 – Chinese farmers discover the Terracotta Army near Xi’an, 8,000 clay warrior statues buried to guard the tomb of China’s 1st emperor, Qin Shi Huang
1999 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes at 10006.78 – above the 10,000 mark for the first time ever
U.S., Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936-2007 from Ancestry provided me with her date of birth, and parents’ names.
I used genealogybank.com for the New York Tribune and the New York Times Archives for the New York Times.
For the history of events on March 19th, I used https://www.onthisday.com
Wikipedia provided the information on President Hayes and Queen Victoria.
Both the newspapers and google gave me the day of the week for March 29,1878.